Post-Viral Illnesses, Mitochondrial Dysfunction Symptoms, & Methylene Blue

Post-Viral Illnesses, Mitochondrial Dysfunction Symptoms, & Methylene Blue

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Town & Country Compounding has received many questions about methylene blue from prescribers.

Post-viral illness refers to a condition where symptoms persist or develop after the acute phase of a viral infection has resolved. Post-viral syndrome is often used to describe the post-viral fatigue and other lingering symptoms following various viral infections, including COVID-19. 

People often relate to terms such as “Long Covid, Long-Haul Covid, and Post-Covid”, yet these post-viral illnesses can occur with many viruses besides Covid-19.

Mitochondrial dysfunction has been proposed as one of the potential mechanisms contributing to the persistent symptoms experienced in various post-viral illnesses. 

Patients with the following viruses may often experience post-viral fatigue, pain, and cognitive difficulties following the infection.

  • COVID -19 (Post-Covid, Long Covid, Long Haul Covid)
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
  • Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

The relationship between post-viral illnesses and mitochondrial dysfunction is complex, and not everyone with these conditions and post-viral symptoms has mitochondrial dysfunction as the primary cause.

Providers: Have questions about prescribing or dosing of Methylene Blue? Our experienced pharmacists can help!

How certain viruses lead to mitochondrial dysfunction symptoms

Viruses can contribute to mitochondrial dysfunction through various mechanisms. Mitochondria play a crucial role in various cellular processes, including energy metabolism and the regulation of oxidative stress. Viral-induced mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in various diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and respiratory illnesses.

Chronic inflammation and immune dysregulation

The immune response to viral infections can lead to inflammation, and this inflammatory response (cytokines and other inflammatory mediators) can contribute to oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.

Many viral infections induce oxidative stress within cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during the antiviral response can affect mitochondrial function by damaging mitochondrial DNA, proteins, and lipids, contributing to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Viral components often remain in the tissues even after the acute infection has resolved. These remaining particles may trigger ongoing immune responses and inflammation.

Viral damage to organs and tissues can compromise blood flow and oxygen supply to tissues, which in turn can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Viral infections may trigger the permeabilization of mitochondrial membranes, leading to the release of pro-apoptotic factors and the disruption of mitochondrial integrity. This can result in the impairment of energy production and cellular function.

Methylene blue and its role in mitochondrial dysFUNCTION

Energy production: Methylene blue acts as an electron carrier in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. By accepting and donating electrons, it may help optimize the flow of electrons through the chain, which is essential for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s primary energy source.

Oxidative stress: Methylene blue exhibits antioxidant properties, helping to reduce oxidative stress within cells. Mitochondria are susceptible to damage from reactive oxygen species (ROS), and antioxidants may help mitigate this damage.

Nitric oxide pathway regulation: Methylene blue has been shown to modulate nitric oxide levels and signaling. Nitric oxide is involved in various physiological processes, and its dysregulation can contribute to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Mitochondrial biogenesis: Methylene blue may promote the generation of new mitochondria. This could potentially enhance the overall mitochondrial function within cells.

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Nitric Oxide (NO) Supplements

Methylene Blue may help in addressing nitric oxide (NO) issues, but it’s always good to know your levels. NO promotes improved blood flow throughout the body and helps prevent red blood cells from sticking together which can create blockages. Supplements and testing strips are available at Town & Country Compounding.

Town & Country Compounding Pharmacy is located at
Town & Country Compounding Pharmacy is located at 535 East Crescent Ave Ramsey, NJ 07446

Town & Country Compounding provides the most advanced formulations based on the most recent research and peer-reviewed guidelines.

We work with patients and their medical providers to customize solutions that are right for their individual needs when commercially-made medications are not showing results.

Medication is not one-size-fits-all. 

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